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Places in Bagan

Estimated to be a monument of the early 12th Century. One of the finest, largest, best preserved and most revered of the Bagan Pagodas. The central square measures 53 metres along each side while the superstructure rises in terraces to a decorative 51 metres above the ground. The base and the terraces are decorated with 554 glazed tiles showing jataka scenes (life stories of the Buddha) thought to be derived from Mon texts.

Huge carved teak doors separate interior halls from cross passages on all four sides. Four entrance to the Pagoda.Standing Buddhas represent the four Buddhas who have attained nibbana. Each standing Buddha Image has a height of approximately 9.5-metre and covered with gold. a hand position symbolising the Buddha’s first sermon. All four have bodies of solid teak, though guides may claim the southern image is made of a bronze alloy. Both arms hang at the image’s sides with hands outstretched, a mudra unknown to traditional Buddhist sculpture outside this temple.

The west-facing Buddha features the abhaya mudra with the hands outstretched in the gesture of ‘no fear’. Ananda Pagoda festival is held yearly around January. Locals come with bull carts, horse carts and stay there as long as the festival goes on. Many visitors are attracted to this yearly event.

  • Thatbyinnyu Pagoda

Steep stairways to climb up and down inside the building. But the top part are prohibited to climb.

  • Gadawtpalin Pagoda
  • Bu Pagoda
  • Dhammayangyi Temple
  • Tharabar Gateway
  • Bagan Museum
  • Mingalarzedi
  • Myoe Daung Monastery
  • Mee Nyein Gone Temple
  • Shwesandaw Pagoda
  • Shwegugyi Temple
  • Pahtothamya Temple
  • Htilominlo Temple
  • Mahabodhi Temple
  • Lawkahteikpan Temple

Bagan dates back almost to the beginning of the Christian Era. It lies on the bend of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Bagan can be marked to have started with King Anawrahta. He ascended the throne of Bagan in 1044. At that time, the kingdom was under the Mahayana religion. After Shin Arahan’s arrival to Bagan, it converted to Theravada Buddhism in Myanmar. It was said to be that each and every household was able to donate an enshrined Pagoda, because of their faith in Buddhism believe and also because of their wealth. The great Shwezigon was one of King Anawrahta’s donation during his time. Horse carts are popular ways travelling around Bagan in Myanmar. Visitors can also hire bicycles at some hotels and guest houses to roam around.

Bagan is the main tourist attraction in Myanmar. One of the richest archaeological sites in Asia, is located on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Also being the capital of first Myanmar Empire, Bagan covers an area of 42 sq.km containing over 2000 well-preserved pagodas and temoles of the 11th- 13th century. The temples also known as “gu” were inspired by the rock caves of Buddhist. They were larger multi-storied buildings that one could enter.

They were places of worships that included richly frescoed corridors with sacred shrines and images that could be worshipped. It is often a massively built square or oblong structure with outer terraces representing Mount Meru, the symbolic home of the gods, and surrounded by a thick wall to separate its realm of the sacred from the outside world.

The Shwe Zi Gon Pagoda’s name was derived from Ground of Victory Jeyyabhumi, and was associated with the two great kings Anawrahta and Kyansitta for their backing of the Buddhist religion.

The holy tooth, collar-bone and frontlet of Lord Buddha were presented as a gift by the King of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka ) to King Anawrahta who made a solemn vow stating “Let the white elephant kneel in the place where the holy relic is fain to rest!” Where the elephant knelt was where Anawrahta built the Shwezigon, but he only finished the three terraces before his death. King Kyansitta was by Shin Arahan to complete the pagoda, which he did in seven months and seven days.

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